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《SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA》 1999-01
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Thermal and Mechanical Forcing of the Tibetan Plateau and Asian Monsoon Onset Part II: Timing of the Onset

Wu Guoxiong and Zhang Yongsheng ( State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)  
In Part I of this study, analysed data were employed to prove that due to the thermal as well as mechanical forcings of the Tibetan Plateau, the 1989 Asian monsoon onset appeared firstly over the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal (BOB), then the South China Sea (SCS) and Indian monsoon onsets followed consequently During each of these three stages of the Asian monsoon onset, the air temperature over the plateau region presents a rapid increase This part, the continuation of Part I, shows that each of these three rapid increases in temperature is associated with the arrival at the plateau region of the warm phase of the two- to three-week low frequency mode (TTO) of the upper tropospheric temperature originated from the Mediterranean Sea and propagating east-southeastwards Each of the onset stage is also accompanied by the arrival in the East Asian Monsoon Area (EAMA) of the rising phase of the 30~60 day northward propagating oscillation (MJO) of wind divergence from the Southern Hemisphere and of the westward propagating TTO of wind divergence from the western tropical Pacific It is therefore concluded that the phase locking of the warm or rising phases of there different types of low frequency oscillation in the EAMA is the determinant factor in controling the timing of Asian monsoon onset
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 国家科委攀登B项目
【CateGory Index】: P433,P425.42
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