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《Acta Academiae Medicinae Militaris Tertiae》 2006-13
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Effect of carbachol on membrane potential of smooth muscle cells of gastric antrum of diabetic rats

LONG Qing-lin,FANG Dian-chun,SHI Hong-tao,LUO Yuan-hui (Gastroenterology Research Center,Southwest Hospital,Third Military Medical University,Chongqing 400038,China)  
Objective To study the effect of carbachol(CCH) on membrane potential of smooth muscle cells of gastric antrum of diabetic rats to verify the mechanism of gastric motility disturbance.Methods Fifty healthy Wistar rats of 2-month old,weighing 100-160 g,were divided into the control group(n=20) and diabetes mellitus group(n=30).Three months after the establishment of the rat model of diabetes by intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin,gastric emptying time and gastric electrical activity were measured,and the resting membrane potentials of smooth muscle cells in antrum were measured by confocal laser scanning microscopy,then treated with carbachol of 10~(-9) mmol/L,10~(-8) mmol/L,10~(-7) mmol/L,the membrane potentials were measured.Results As compared with the normal rats,gastric emptying time in diabetic rats was significantly longer and abnormal gastric electric rhythm was significantly increased,the abnormal rhythm index(ARI) and the coefficient of variation(CV) of slow wave frequency in diabetic rats were significantly higher,but the resting membrane potentials remained unchanged and the sensitivity of CCH-induced membrane depolarization was increased.Conclusion The increase of sensitivity of CCH-induced membrane depolarization may be involved in the diabetes-induced gastric motor disorders.
【CateGory Index】: R587.2
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