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《Acta Academiae Medicinae Militaris Tertiae》 2006-13
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Effects of endotoxin preconditioning on NOS activity in rat brain after global brain ischemia/reperfusion

XIANG Qiang~1,WEN Liang~1,GAO Qiang-guo~2,LIU Ming-hua~1 (~1Department of Emergency,Southwest Hospital,~2Department of Cell Biology,College of Medicine,Third Military Medical University,Chongqing 400038,China)  
Objective To determine the effects and significance of endotoxin preconditioning on iNOS activity,nNOS activity in rat cerebral cortex,hippocampus and cerebella region after global brain ischemia/reperfusion.Methods Global ischemia for 20 min was made by four-vessel occlusion model(4-vo) in 60 Wistar rats,among which 30 were injected of 20 μg/kg MPL through caudal vein 24 h before model establishment.Another 8 rats undergoing sham operation served as controls.The dynamic change of iNOS activity,nNOS activity and neuron density of the cerebral cortex,hippocampus and cerebella region were observed at 1,4,8 h after reperfusion. Results The activity of iNOS and nNOS decreased significantly after endotoxin preconditioning in the regions mentioned above,as compared with that of rats only undergoing the ischemia/reperfusion.The neuron number in rat hippocampus decreased after ischemia/reperfusion,but no significant difference was found between control and endotoxin preconditioning groups.Conclusion The activity of iNOS and nNOS changed significantly after global brain ischemia/reperfusion.That endotoxin preconditioning decreased iNOS and nNOS activities may be the protective mechanism.
【CateGory Index】: R363
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