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《Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica》 2007-02
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NEW PROPHALANGOPSIDS FROM LATE MESOZOIC OF CHINA (ORTHOPTERA,PROPHALANGOPSIDAE,ABOILINAE)

LI Lian-Mei~1, REN Dong~1, WANG Zong-Hua~21.College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China2.Management Bureau of Shanwang National Natural Reserve, Linju, Shandong 262617, China  
In this paper two new genera and seven new species were described: Circulaboilus aureus gen.et sp.nov., Circulaboilus amoenus gen.et gen.nov., Furcaboilus excelsus gen.et sp.nov., Aboilus stratosus sp. nov., Aboilus cornutus sp. nov., Pseudohagala shihi sp. nov. and Bacharaboilus jurassicus sp. nov. All of them were collected from Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation, Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia and Late Yixian Formation, Liaoning Province, China. Type specimens are deposited in Capital Normal University.Circulaboilus gen. nov.Type species: Circulaboilus aureus sp.nov.Etymology. Circul-(from Latin circuli-, means round)+aboilus(name of genus aboilus), masculine.Diagnosis. Male, forewing oval. Fc long, arched, fused with precostal after 1/2 of the wing length. Precostal field broad. Sc straight, extending at about 3/4 of the wing length, with more than 10 branches leading to the anterior margin. R forked at about 1/2 of the wing length, R_1 with 3 branches, Rs with 5 branches. R-M field wided at the medium of the wing. The basal part of M-Cu field wider than the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches. 1CuA_2-2CuA_2 region and 2CuA_2-CuP region wide. Female. Forewing oval. Fc long, arched, fused with precostal after 1/2 of the wing length. Precostal field broad. Sc straight, extending at about 3/4 of the wing length, with less than 10 branches leading to the anterior margin. R forked at 1/2 of wing length, R_1 with 3 branches, Rs with 4 branches. R-M area narrow. The basal part of M-Cu field wider than the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches.Discussion. The new genus is similar to Bacharaboilus Gorochov, 1988, but it should be distinguished from the latter in following characters: Fc long, fused with precostal at about 1/2 of the wing length, Sc with few branches, Sc-R field wide, Rs beginning to branch near its base, MP+CuA_1 with less branches.Circulaboilus aureus sp. nov. (Figs.1, 5)Holotype. A well preserved male forewing, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006022. Etymology. "Aureus" from Latin, means golden.Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation. Description. Forewing length 44?mm, width 17?mm. Fc long, arched, fused with precostal after 1/2 of the wing length. Sc straight, extending at about 3/4 of the wing length, with 13 parallel branches leading to the anterior margin. R forked after 1/2 of the wing length, with 3 branches. Rs with 5 branches. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches. 1CuA_2-2CuA_2 field and 2CuA_2-CuP field wide. Circulaboilus amoenus sp.nov. (Figs.2, 6)Holotype. A well preserved male forewing, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006023. Etymology. "Amoenus" from latin, means wonderful.Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation.Description. Forewing length 45?mm, width 18?mm. Fc long, arched, fused with precostal after 1/2 of the wing length. Sc straight, extending at about 3/4 of the wing length, with 9 parallel branches leading to the anterior margin. R forked at 1/2 of the wing length, with 3 branches. Rs forked at second branch of R_1, with 4 branches. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches. 1CuA_2-2CuA_2 field and 2CuA_2-CuP field narrow. Discussion. The new species is similar to Circulaboilus aureus sp.nov., but it could be distinguished in following characters: precostal field with anomaly cross-vein, Sc with 9 branches, Rs with 4 branches, Rs forked at the second branch of R_1.Furcaboilus gen.nov.Type species: Furcaboilus excelsus sp.nov.Etymology. Furc-(from Latin furc-, means branch off)+aboilus(name of genus aboilus), masculine.Diagnosis. Female forewing, Fc short, arched. Precostal area narrow, costal area wide. Sc straight, with more than 10 branches. R forked at about 1/3 of the wing length, R_1 with 4 branches. Rs with 8 branches. MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 2 branches, 1CuA_2 forks at its medium, with 2 branches.Male, unknown.Discussion. New genus is similar to Sunoprophanlangopsis Hong, 1982, but it different from the latter in following characters: MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 2 branches; 1CuA_2 forks at its medium, with 2 branches. New genus is also similar to Tettaboilus Gorochov, 1988, however, it could be distinguished from the latter by following characters: R forked at 1/3 of the wing length; R-M area with one kind of cross-vein; MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 2 branches; 1CuA_2 forks at its medium, with 2 branches.Furcaboilus excelsus sp. nov. (Figs.3, 7)Holotype. A well preserved female forewing, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006109.Etymology. "Excelsus" from Latin, means excellent. Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation. Description. Forewing length 83?mm, width 27?mm. Fc short, arched, fused with precostal at about 1/3 of the wing length. Sc S-shaped, extending at about 4/5 of the wing length, with 13 parallel branches leading to the anterior margin. R forked at 1/3 of the wing length, with 4 branches. Rs with 8 branches. MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 2 branches. 1CuA_2 forks at its medium, with 2 branches.1CuA_2-2CuA_2 field and 2CuA_2-CuP field narrow. Aboilus stratosus sp. nov. (Figs.4, 8)Holotype. A well preserved female forewing, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006010.Etymology. "Stratosus" from Latin, means stratum. Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation. Description. Forewing length 30?mm, width 10mm. Fc short, arched, fused with precostal before 1/2 of the forewing length. Sc straight, extending about 3/4 of the wing length, with 12 parallel branches. R forks before 1/2 of the wing length, with 5 branchs. Rs with 4 branches. The basal part of M-Cu field wider than the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 3 branches.Discussion. The new species was similar to the Aboilus maculantus, 1935, but it could be distinguish from it by following characters: Sc with 12 branches, Rs with 4 branches, MP+CuA_1 with 3 branches.Aboilus cornutus sp. nov. (Figs 9, 12, 13)Holotype. A well preserved female body with forewings, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006019.Etymology. "Cornutus" from Latin, means cornuted.Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation. Description. Forewing length 32?mm, width 9?mm. Fc arched, fused with precostal at about 1/3 of the forewing length. Sc straight, extending about 2/3 of the wing length, with 12 parallel banches. R forked at 1/5 of the wing length, with 5 branches. Rs with 6 branches. The basal part of M-Cu field wider than the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 and R forked at the same level, with 5 branches.Discussion. The new species is silimlar to the Aboilus stratosus,2006, but it was different from it in following characters: R forked at 1/5 of the wing length, Rs with 6 branches, MP+CuA_1 with 5 branches.Pseudohagala shihi sp. nov. (Figs.10, 14)Holotype. A well preserved female body with forewings, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006011-1,CNU-O-NN-2006011-2.Etymology. "Shihi" named after Dr. Chungkun Shih who donated the fossil.Locality and horizon. Daohugou Village, Ningcheng Country, Inner Mongolia. Middle Jurassic, Jiulongshan Formation. Description. Forewing length 36?mm, width 12?mm. Fc arched, fused with precostal at about 1/3 of the forewing length. Sc straight, extending about 3/4 of the wing length, with 14 parallel banches. R forked at 1/4 of the wing length, with 7 branches. Rs with 5 branches. The basal part of M-Cu field as wide as the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches.Discussion. The new species is similar to Pseudohagala pospelovi Martynova, 1949, but was different from it in following characters: Sc with 12 branches, with 7 branches, Rs with 5 branches.Bacharaboilus jurassicus sp. nov. (Figs.11, 15-16)Holotype. A well preserved female body with partial forewings, registration No: CNU-O-NN-2006012. Etymology. From geological time.Locality and horizon. Late Jurassic, Yixian Formation, Beipiao City, Liaoning Province. Description. Forewing length 39?mm, width 12?mm (as preserved). Fc arched, fused with precostal before 1/2 of the forewing length. Sc straight, extending about 2/3 of the wing length, with 9 parallel banches. R forked before 1/2 of the wing length, with 4 branches. Rs with 4 branches. The basal part of M-Cu field as wide as the basal part of Sc-R field. MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches. Discussion. The new species is similar to Bacharaboilus mongolious Gorochov, 1988, but it was different from it in following characters: Sc with 4 branches, R forked before 1/2 of the wing length, with 4 branches, MP+CuA_1 forked earlier than R, with 4 branches.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30025006 30370184 30430100);; 北京市自然科学基金(5032003);; 北京市教育委员会科技发展计划重点项目(KZ200410028013);; 北京市属市管高校人才强教计划资助
【CateGory Index】: Q915
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