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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2012-12
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Broiler Ascites: Pathogenesis and Regulatory Measures

WANG Yongwei GUO Yuming PENG Yunzhi CAI Hong(College of Animal Science and Technology,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China)  
Ascites is a multifactorial syndrome,which is caused by interactions among genetic,nutritional,environmental and management factors.Forced selection for growth traits of chickens has resulted in some anatomical and physiological limitations,which have adverse effects on bird health.The fast growing broilers with a high metabolic rate need higher oxygen demand,but un-matching oxygen supply with rapid growth,and the impaired functions for oxygen supply stimulate the development of many compensatory mechanisms in cardiopulmonary systems,which,in turn,brings about ascites syndrome.Ascites causes important economic losses in poultry breeding industry.Therefore,further studying the pathogenesis of chicken ascites,and taking effective measures to reduce the ascites incidence are very important to the healthy development of chicken industry.Early feed restriction,supplementation of nutrition regulatory agents,and good management strategies can effectively reduce the incidence of ascites.This article mainly summarized the influencing factors,pathogenesis,and the regulatory measures to reduce the incidence of broilers ascites.
【Fund】: 北京市自然科学基金重点项目(6111002);; 国家肉鸡产业技术体系
【CateGory Index】: S858.31
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