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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2012-12
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A Comparative Study of Fasting Method and Nitrogen-Free Diet Method for Determining Endougenous Amino Acid Excretion in Yellow-Feathered Chickens

REN Liqin1 ZHAO Feng1 TAN Huize2 ZHANG Jianzhi1 MI Baomin1ZHAO Jiangtao2 ZHANG Hongfu1(1.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition,Institute of Animal Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100193,China;2.Wen's Foodstuffs Group Corporation Co.,Ltd.,Guangzhou 527439,China)  
This experiment was conducted to compare the excretion and variation of endogenous amino acids(EAA) in yellow-feathered chickens under fasting and nitrogen-free diet(NFD) to evaluate the methods for the EAA determination in the measurement of the digestible amino acids of ingredients.Using a single factor completely randomized design,a total of 72 adult roosters aged 15 weeks were randomly selected according to their initial body weight and divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates per group and 4 roosters per replicate.The same experiment was repeated 4 batches to determine the EAA excretion under fasting,25 g NFD,and 40 g NFD,respectively.The results showed as follows: the EAA excretion was increased significantly from the groups of fasting,25 g NFD to 40 g NFD(P0.05).In the fasting group,the total coefficient of variation(CVtotal),intragroup coefficient of variation(CVwithin),and intergroup coefficient of variation(CVbetween) of the EAA excretion of 17 amino acids among among 4 batches were from 9.74% to 19.99%,from 9.97% to 16.88%,and from 2.58% to 16.23%,respectively.The differences of EAA excretion of threonine,cystine,serine and proline among 4 batches were significant(P0.05).In the 25 g NFD group,the CVtotal,CVwithin,and CVbetween of the EAA excretion of 17 amino acids among 4 batches were from 17.77% to 31.33%,from 14.99% to 28.80%,and from 3.89% to 17.04%,respectively.The differences of EAA excretion of arginine,glycine and proline among 4 batches were significant(P0.05).In the 40 g NFD group,the CVtotal,CVwithin,and CVbetween of the EAA excretion of 17 amino acids among 4 batches were from 16.23% to 33.39%,from 17.15% to 33.82%,and from 4.19% to 16.29%,respectively.The differences of EAA excretion of isoleucine and phenylalanine among 4 batches were significant(P0.05).It can be concluded that the excretion of EAA increases with the increasing amount of force-fed diet.The variation coefficients of the 25 and 40 g force-fed group are similar,and are both larger than those of fasting group.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30901037);; 北京市科技新星计划项目(2011098);; 科技部创新方法工作专项(2009IM033100)
【CateGory Index】: S831.5
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