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《Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Disease》 1996-01
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A STUDY ON LIFE-SPAN AND COLONY TRANSMISSION OF PLAGUE FOR X. CHEOPIS L. SEGNIS WITH Y. PESTIS

He Jinhou Yunnan Instiute for Epidemic Disease Control and Research ,Dali  
This paper reported the life-span and transmitting plague ability of Xenopsylla cheopis and Leptosylla segnis with Y. pestis. On the conditions of temperature 23±1℃ ,relative humidity 80 ±5%. The survival time of X. cheopis is 177 days,the average survival time is 51. 6 days. It has transmitted plague ability over 120 days,the strains of Y. pestis isolated from fleas of life 132 days. The infection rate fleas livelong is 90. 9%. In hungry state,the longest survival time is 21 days,average time is 9 days,the infection rate of animal by a colony bite for X. cheopis with Y. pestis is 100%. On the conditions of temperature 21±1℃ ,relative humidity 75±5%.The survival time of L.segins is 80 days,the average time is 15. 9 days,the longest time of carrying Y. pestis is 31 days. The infection rate of L. segnis livelong is 87. 5%. In hungry state,the longest time of live is 7 days,average time is 3 days,the infection rate of animal by a colony bite for L. segnis is zero. The results suggested that X. cheopis is the main vector of transmitting plague in Rats natural foci. L. segnis was not regarded a significant vector in the transmissing of plague.
【CateGory Index】: R384
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