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《Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases》 2012-03
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Determinants of children's iodine nutrition and epidemiological features of goiter and nodule in iodine-excessive areas

LV Sheng-min,XU Dong,WANG Yu-chun,DU Yong-gui,MA Jing,JIA Li-hui,CHONG Zhen-shui,ZHAO Jun Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Shijiazhuang 050021,China  
Objective To identify the determinants of children's iodine nutrition and their goitrous and nodular prevalence in iodine excessive areas before withdrawing iodized salt.Methods Three townships were selected by simple random sampling among the townships with median water iodine being 200~300 μg/L in Hengshui prefecture of Hebei Province.Results A total of 326 spot urinary samples of children aged 8~10 years were collected and measured.The median iodine of these samples ranged from 478.4~571.3 μg/L,and the proportions of urinary samples with iodine content over 300 μg/L varied from 77.9% to 86.6%.Children's urinary median iodine in each of 12 villages showed correlated positively with the median water iodine of the corresponding village(Spearsman,R=0.79,P=0.002),but not with median salt iodine(Spearsman,R=-0.17,P=0.6).Children's urinary median iodine had a linear correlation with median water iodine(R=0.83,F=22.0,P=0.001),and the linear regression equation was as follows:urinary iodine=318.1+0.829*water iodine.A total of 452 children aged 8~10 years were measured by ultrasound in these 3 townships,identifying 37 cases of goiter with goiter rate being 8.2%.There was no significant difference in goiter rates across gender and age groups.In 2 out of the 3 townships,15 cases of nodules were detected with average detection rate being 5.6%.The detection rates across gender and age groups were not significantly different.Conclusions Children's iodine over-nutrition could be mainly attributed to excessive water iodine,while being aggravated by iodized salt.Goiter was prevailing in these areas,and a high detection rate of thyroid nodules was also identified.The cause and prevalence of thyroid nodule need to be further studied.
【Fund】: 河北省科技攻关项目(11276103D-3)
【CateGory Index】: R725.8
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