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《Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases》 2012-06
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Epidemic characteristics and factors of Brucellosis in Anyang City from 2004 to 2011

ZHANG Shuan-hu,WANG Yong,LIANG Yu-qing,YU Jie Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Anyang City of Henan Province,Anyang 455000,Henan,China  
Objective To analyze epidemic characteristics and factors of brucellosis in Anyang city so as to provide scientific basis for prevention and control.Methods The data of epidemic situation and monitoring of brucellosis in Anyang city from 2004 to 2011 has been statically analyzed.Results The incidence rate has increased year by year and epidemic area has enlarged continuously in Anyang city.36.30% of townships including towns and offices had reported the cases of incidence;Farmers gave priority to other people on the infection;the incidence rate of male was more than that of female,middle and aged old patients with brucellosis were majority and the tendency of this disease was aging,which were consistent with the result of serologic test.There were cases throughout the whole year,having incidence peak in late spring and early summer,which was not obviously,32.99 % of these cases happened on April and May.All of the cases were sporadic.The types of infection of brucellosis were diverse,which were mainly contact infection.Patients' clinical symptoms were typical,but the definite diagnosis was not in time.It cost more than 30 days from falling ill to definite diagnosis for 55.15 % of the cases,which resulted in more misdiagnosis and mistreatment.Not meet the requirements of quarantine and immune of foreign brutish,short of personal health consciousness and lack of protective measures were the main factors which caused brucellosis.Conclusion Government leadership,departments coordination and supervision should be strengthen.Quarantine and immune measures between livestock should be carried out,as well as strengthen propaganda and training on brucellosis so as to dispose well the disease livestock and personal protection,induce and control the outbreak of brucellosis through taking all of above measures.
【CateGory Index】: R516.7
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