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《Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases》 2013-05
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Surveillance results of Drinking-water type endemic fluorosis in Inner Mongolia in 2011

LI Zhen-lin;ZHAO Cheng-xiang;LI Yan-hong;ZHANG Hui-min;CHEN Bo;Inner Mongolia Center for Endemic Disease Control And Research;  
Objectives To understand the operational aspect of water improvement projects and the trend of epidemic situation changes in drinking water type fluorosis areas of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,and to evaluate the effect of prevention and control measures.Methods Ten surveillance banners(counties) were extracted from the whole autonomous region,and 10 water improvement projects were selected from each surveillance banner(county),operational aspect of water improvement projects of these points was investigated,and fluoride content of the water improvement projects was detected;Three villages were extracted as fixed monitoring villages from each surveillance banner(county).Fluoride content of drinking water and dental fluorosis of students aged from 8 to 12 years old were examined.Results A total of 94 water improvement projects were investigated,projects with normal operation,intermittent operation and scrap accounted for 89.36%,10.64%,and 0%.The qualification rate of water fluoride content was 77.66%.The qualification rate of water fluoride in water improvement projects was 43.48% which was calculated from 23 villages with improved water.The detection rate of the children's dental fluorosis was 32.80%.Water fluoride content was more than 1.2 mg / L but less than 2.0 mg / L,and more than 2.0 mg / L but less than 4.0 mg / L,and more than 4.0 mg / L,accounting for 42.86%,28.57% and 14.29% respectively in the 7 unimproved water villages,and detection rate of the children's dental fluorosis was 36.84%.Conclusion The operation of water improvement projects of our region needed to be improved,the fluorosis had been controlled effectively,but prevention and control work still need to be further strengthened.
【Fund】: 中央补助地方公共卫生专项资金地方病防治项目(2011)
【CateGory Index】: R599.9
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