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《Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases》 2014-S1
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Fifth People's Hospital in Chengdu Endocrinology

ZHANG Yan;SHEN Jing;  
ObJective:To study the distribution and risk factors of osteoporetic fracture in postmenopauselwomen.Methods:In aClD$8-sectional study,a total of 723 women,aged 50-69 years,after an elapse of overone year since menopause,were selected randomly and recruited in Shanghai City.All the subjects completed a questionnaire to obtain information on lifestyle and medical llistory.Bone mineral density(areal density in g/cm2)was measured by DEXA(DPX-L,Lunar).Anteroposterior and lateral spinal X-ray films were taken at the time of the bone measurement.Results Information on fractures Was obtained by questionnaire and ascertained by physician or diagnosticdocument from a hospital.Vertebral fracture Was defined as reduction of at least 20% in the anterior.midge,or posterior vertebral height.Results The prevalence of osteoporotic fracture increased with chronological age and duration since menopause,and Was more noticeable in the second decades since menopause.Compared witII the postmenopausal women without fracture.the women witII at least one fracture had a history of earlymenopause,frequent child birth and long period of breast feeding.Conclusion:Early menopause,frequent childbirth and long period of breast feeding may be important risk factors of osteoporotic fracture in postmen pausal wornen,which would be useful in screening the high-risk group and improving the preventive strategies against osteo·porotic fracture.
【CateGory Index】: R580
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