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《Earth and Environment》 2008-01
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A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES OF PLANT LEAVES AND δ~(13)C VALUES WITH DIFFERENT BACKGROUNDS IN A KARST CATCHMENT BASIN

GE Yong-gang1、2, WANG Shi-jie1(1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China; 2. Graduate University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China)  
The authors analyzed the anatomical structures of leaves for 11 plant species sampled from a karst catchment basin with different backgrounds (karst and non-karst), which are located in Wangjiazhai, Qingzhen City of Guizhou Province, using the optical microscope and scanning electron microscope methods. Then, the correlations between the anatomical structures of plant leaves and their δ13C values were compared in the following two ways: all plants as a whole in different background areas, and the same plant species from different plots. The results showed that there is a significant positive correlation between the anatomical structures of all plant leaves and their corresponding δ13C values in the above areas in a successive series from non-degradation to degradation, and the same goes for the anatomical structures of Zanthoxylum planispinum, Rhamnus parvifolius with a karst background, Rubus biflorus, Camellia oleifera, Broussonetia papyrifera with a non-karst background and their corresponding δ13C values. Moreover, there is a similar variation tendency for the correlation, and there is no significant difference for the anatomical structure of the same plant species with different backgrounds. Hence, it could be concluded that the anatomical features of plants have the same response tendency under the same external conditions including light, heat, water, gas, etc., revealing that plants are adapting themselves to the environment during the degradation process, and their responses show a positive correlation with those δ13C values. It is especially true for the anatomical structures and δ13C values of plants in a karst rocky desertification area, which shows a quick and sensitive response to environment conditions.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2006CB403200);; 中国科学院知识创新工程方向性项目(kzcx2-yw-306);; 创新团队国际合作伙伴计划;; 国家自然科学基金面上项目(40672112)
【CateGory Index】: Q944
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