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《Geological Review》 2006-02
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Subdivision of the Paleogene in Lingcha Area of Hunan Provice and Early Eocene Mammalian Faunas of China

TONG Yongsheng, WANG Yuanqing, LI Qian Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100044  
The Paleogene “Red beds” of the Lingcha area of the Hengdong Basin, Hunan Province, is usually named as the Limuping Formation or Lingcha Formation (Zheng and Qiu, 1979). Herein it is divided into the upper Paleocene Limuping Formation and lower Eocene Lingcha Formation, based on newly works of biostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and isolotic stratigraphy. The type section of Lingcha Formation, or the stratotype of Lingcha Stage of Chinese continent sediments is selected in the Lingcha—Xialiu road near Chengjiachong village (N27°01.425′, E112°49.949′). In this section middle and upper parts produced some index mammalian fossils of early Eocene, such as Matutinia nitidulus, Cocomys lingchaensis, Teilhardina asiatica and Hapalodectes hetangensis. The brown siltstones which lie above the basal sandstones occurs negative carbon isotope excursion, and the carbonate nodule δ 13C_ V-PDB values reach a minimum of -12.7‰. The Palaeomagnetic determinations indicate that the section lies within C24r (Bowen et al., 2002; Ting et al., 2003). The excursion was selected as the criterion for the recognition of the Paleocene/Eocene boundary by the Subcommisson on Paleogene Stratigraphy (ISPS) and was ratified by the International Union of Geology Sciences (IUGS) in 2003.The Lingchan age has been defined by Tong et al. (1995) and Ting (1998). The mammals first appeared in the Lingchan Age is perissodactyls, artiodactyls, primates, and ctenodactyloid rodents, and some genera made their first appearances: Mesodmops (Multituberculata), Auroratherium (Palaeanodonta), Hunanictis (Didymoconidae), Changlelestes (Changlelestidae), Hsiangolestes (Micropternodontidae), Teilhardina (Primates), Asioplesiadapis, Carpocristes, Chronolestes (Plesiadapiformes), Matutinia, Rhombomylus (Mixodontia), Gomphos (Mimotonia), Alagomys, Cocomys, Bandaomys, Hohomys, Hannanomys, Advenimus, Acritoparamys?, Taishanomys (Rodentia), Hapalodectes (Mesonychia), Asiocoryphodon, Heterocoryphodon, Coryphodon? (Coryphodontidae), Xinyuictops (Carnivora), Anatolostylops, Stenostylops (Arctostylopidae), Lophocion (Phenacodontidae), Hyopsodus (Hyosodontidae), Orientolophus, Homogalax, Heptodon, Ampholophus, “Propachynolophus” and Danjiangia (Perissodactyla)。Important last appearances in the Lingchan age include Multituberculata, Palaeanodonta, Plesiadapiformes, Mixodontia, Prodinoceratidae, Arctostylopidae, and Phenacodontidae. The Lingchan Stage included two assemblage zones, Heptodon—Rhombomylus Assemblage Zone represented by the Dajian fauna of Liguanqiao Basin and Homogalax—Hapalodectes Assemblage Zone represented by the Lingcha fauna of Hengyang Basin. The Wutu fauna of Shandong and the Bumban fauna of Mongolia can be considered to be the latter assemblage zone.
【Fund】: 全国地层委员会“中国主要断代地层建阶项目”;; 国家基础研究发展规划项目(编号G200007700)的成果。
【CateGory Index】: Q915;P535
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