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Typical survey on oral health knowledge and concepts in Chinese rural residents

ZHAO Ning-bo,GUO Jing,LI Gang.Dept.of Preventive Dentistry.School of Stomatology,The Fourth Military Medical University,Xi'an 710032,China;LI Zheng-ya.School of Public Administration,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China  
Objective The aim of this study was to survey the oral health knowledge and concepts of Chinese rural residents,explore measures of oral health education and provide information for promoting oral health education.Methods Data of 130 rural households and 516 residents were collected from 1 sampling village,and household oral health interview survey was performed.The sampling village was located in the western part of China,the rural residents there were of low or middle economy level.The information was analyzed with Foxpro 60 and SPSS 11.5.Results 85.9% of the respondents considered that it was essential to clean teeth everyday,46.9% thought that using brush and floss everyday could prevent gingivitis satisfactorily,83.3% considered that gingival bleeding was abnormal,75.6% agreed that diet with more sugar and dessert might cause more dental caries,72.9% thought that rinsing mouth regularly could be one of the most effective methods to keep oral clean,57.6% believed that taking oral examination once a year was necessary,84.9% knew that oral diseases had much to do with general health,54.1% could not accept that plaque might result in periodontal disease,42.1% did not consider that periodontal disease could cause teeth loss,61.2% thought that teeth of old people should fall off inevitably,and 70.9% did not know that pit and fissure sealant could prevent youths' teeth caries.It was also found that in some aspects the awareness of oral health in student group was different from that of non-student group significantly(P0.05).Conclusion Insufficiency of oral health knowledge is quite common in Chinese rural residents.There is still a long way to go to realize the promotion of the task of health education.Some suggestions are provided for improving oral health education.
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