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《Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine》 2018-03
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Research on epidemic factors after schistosomiasis transmission being under control in Hubei Province

LI Kaijie;CAI Shunxiang;TANG Li;WAN Lun;SHAN Xiaowei;LI Bo;Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention;  
Objective To explore schistosomiasis infection source epidemic situation in the areas where schistosomiasis transmission has been controlled,to provide a basis for schistosomiasis interruption and elimination. Methods In 2013-2016,six streets and villages of marshland areas and hilly areas were selected to carry out the baseline survey and routine survey about infection and distribution of human,livestock,wild mammals and their wild faeces. In June and November from 2015 to 2016. Wild faeces and wild mammals were investigated in snail breeding environment with frequent human and animal activities. The schistosome infection of residents were investigated with the serum immunology method and stool hatching method,the schistosome infections of livestock and wild mammals and their wild fecal were investigated with the plastic cup top tube hatching method. Results The total residents infection rate had declined year by year,from 0. 59% in 2013 to 0 in 2016. The local cattle were eliminated,non-cattle livestock were surveyed with the number of 134,94 of them were pigs,and 40 of them were sheep,all with no infected. The infection rate of wild mice was 4. 08% in six streets and villages. A total of 9 124,48 cases of infected cow faeces,five infected sheep faeces and one infected horse faeces were detected,by monitoring and investigating wild faeces from 2015 to 2016. Wild faeces and snail-infected areas were occurred in the marshland endemic areas. Conclusions The cattle and residents as the main source of infection to affect the transmission interrupted of schistosomiasis in Hu Bei province have been certain controlled,but other infection sources,like the sheep,rats and others were can not be ignored,either,after schistosomiasis transmission control.
【Fund】: 湖北省卫生计生血防专项重点项目(WJ2015XA001)
【CateGory Index】: R181.3;R532.21
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