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《Journal of Fudan University(Natural Science)》 2007-01
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Comparative Studies on Life Cycle Costs (LCC) Between Diesel Powered and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Powered Bus in Shanghai City

WANG Shou-bing1, LIN Zong-hu2, ZHANG Xu2, JING Feng2(1.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University 200433,China; 2.Department of ThermalEngineering, Mechanical Engineering College, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092,China)  
Compressed natural gas(CNG) is usually regarded as a cleaner fuel than diesel used in vehicles, but its economical performance is not clear. The difference of economical performances between a Shanghai diesel powered and a CNG powered bus is investigated by using life cycle cost assessment method (prices in 2003). The results show that, the LCC of CNG powered bus is less than diesel bus if discount rate is below 8% and environmental cost is not included; If discount rate is below 8% and environmental cost resulted from air pollution is included, the LCC of CNG powered bus is still less than diesel bus even though the CNG price is increased by 16%; The price of diesel and CNG, environmental life cycle cost and the discount rate adopted are the main sensitive factors influencing on the comparative conclusion. More attentions should be paid to the studies on quantifying environmental cost of unit mass pollutants in China.
【Fund】: 上海市环境保护局科技攻关资助项目(攻关-02-11)
【CateGory Index】: U473
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