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《Chinese Journal of Luminescence》 2001-02
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Temperature Effect of GdVO_4∶Eu~(3+) Luminescence

LIU Bo 1, SHI Chao shu 1,2 , ZHANG Qing li 2 (1. Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China; 2. National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 2  
The temperature dependence of GdVO 4∶Eu 3+ luminescence from Eu 3+ 5D 0 → 7F J transition excited by 313 and 365nm of high pressure mercury lamp above room temperature has been studied including the emission spectra at different temperature and the emission intensity of Eu 3+ as function of temperature.In addition,the excitation spectrum of GdVO 4∶Eu 3+ with emission wavelength 619nm at RT was measured. The characteristic emissions of Eu 3+ were observed,including 608,616,619nm of 5D 0 → 7F 2 transition,594,598nm of 5D 0 → 7F 1 transition and 538nm of 5D 1 → 7F 1 transition.Each of them increases with rising temperature.And the relative intensity of the emission lines maintains constant each other.In the range of 300~600K,each emission line increases as temperature rises, especially above 400K,and there is a rapid increase without intensity saturation up to 600K.The emission intensity at 600K is twenties time stronger than that at 300K.We observed that the excitation spectrum of 619nm emission contains two main excitation bands peaked at about 250 and 310nm,beside the intrinsic excitation of Eu 3+ .But the intensity of intrinsic excitation is weaker than that of the excitation bands at 250,310nm. When Eu 3+ is excited by 365nm which is Eu 3+ intrinsic excitation,there are two ways to deplete its energy.One is cascade down to 5D J states according to the order of 5D 3 , 5D 2 , 5D 1 , 5D 0 .The other is to be promoted thermally to charge transfer state and sequentially to feed 5D 0 without passing by cascade from higher 5D state by which 5D 0 can be excited more effectively.The possibility of the latter process depends on temperature intensively.Therefore,when temperature rises,more Eu 3+ can be excited into 5D 0 .Using this model the experimental result can be explained reasonably.If Eu 3+ is excited by 313nm which can be the sorption by VO 4 3- ,it can also be promoted thermally into charge transfer state. In conclusion,the intensity of the luminescence excited by 313,365nm increases rapidly as temperature rises up to 600K.The CTS of Eu 3+ as a middle state plays an important role which can make the excitation energy transfer to 5D 0 effectively.Such process is more remarkable when the temperature rises.With high temperature property,GdVO 4∶Eu can be used in high temperature environment.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ( 5 973 2 0 40和 197740 5 3 )
【CateGory Index】: O482.31
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【Co-references】
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1 ZHANG Qing li, GUO Chang xin, SHI Chao shu (Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China);Excitation Spectrum Properties of GdVO_4∶Eu~(3+)[J];Chinese Journal of Luminescence;2000-04
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