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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2010-05
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Review on Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Polluted Water by Macrophytes

WANG Qian1,2,CHENG Shui-ping1 (1.State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology,Institute of Hydrobiology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430072,China;2.Graudate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China)  
Phytoremediation has shown great potential as an alternative treatment of heavy metal contamination since macrophytes have great potential to accumulate heavy metals. Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted water by macrophytes was reviewed,with focus on the effects of remediation by 4 kinds of life form macrophytes including emergent,free-drifting,floating-leaved and submergent which have strong accumulation abilities. The internal and external factors on phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted water including plant life form,biomass,age as well as type of heavy metal,initial concentration and physical and chemical properties of water bodies were also discussed. Prospect on plant selection,mechanism of phytoremediation,plant combination as well as engineering application were outlined as well.
【Fund】: 国家重大科技专项(2008ZX07316-004);; 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-YW-426)
【CateGory Index】: X52
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