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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2010-11
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Analysis of Ecological Footprint of Domestic Wastes in Lushan Scenic Spots

WAN Jin-bao1,2,ZHU Bang-hui1,2,LIU Lin3 (1.Key Laboratory of Poyang Ecology and Bio-resource Utilization of Ministry of Education,Nanchang University,Nanchang 330047,China;2.School of Environment and Chemistry Engineering,Nanchang University;3.School of Engineering and Architecture,Nanchang University,Nanchang 330031,China)  
Lushan Scenic Spot faces dual pressure of demographic explosion and environment disruption with rapid development of tourism.How to evaluate the actuality of tourism development and establish sustainable tourism system are the most urgent problems in the area.Footprints of tourism waste in the area in 2003 were calculated based on the relevant researches.Results indicated that footprint of tourism per capita was 0.0117751hm2,in which the footprint of CO2 emission occupied by 98.20% while only 1.80% for wastewater,dejects,garbage and waste treatment establishment.The emission of CO2 was 68,684.99t with contribution ratio 55.61%,36.26% and 8.13% respectively for traffic,lodging and visitors.Discharge of waste from residents was greater than that from visitors,the discharge of CO2 and dejects from residents was 2.4 times of that from visitors,garbage 1.32 times and wastewater 1.18 times.Ecological impact on scenic area,region of Jiujiang City and region beyond the City were 45.40%,2.78% and 51.82% respectively.Ecological efficiency in scenic area was 0.5451kg CO2/yuan which was higher than the country average and affinity level of sustainable development.Data about waste ecological footprint of Jiuzhaigou,Huangshan and Lushan showed that the most far-reaching element to ecological environment is tourist traffic.So changing the transportation or using environmentally friendly vehicles is an important way to reduce waste ecological footprint in scenic areas.
【Fund】: 国家“十一五”科技支撑项目“鄱阳湖生态环境保护与资源利用研究”(2007BAB23C02)
【CateGory Index】: F592.7;X799.3
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