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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2013-02
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Experimental Study on Matrix Proportion Mixing Soil in Urumqi Coal Field Fire-fighting Area

GUO Shu-fang 1,AN Wen-ming 1,ZHANG Wen-jun 1,SHI Qing-dong 1,2*(1.College of Resource and Environmental Science,Xinjiang University; 2.Institute of Arid Eco-environment,Xinjiang University,Urumqi 830046,China)  
The way that is matrix materials mixing seed to improve seed growth environment is becoming a method of ecological restoration with convenient construction and high efficiency.Matrix components and combinations are the key in the research.Bonding agent,aquasorb,sheep manure,compound fertilizer,straw and paved thickness were chosen as impact factors,orthogonal experiment was done to design the test scheme,through extreme difference analysis and variance analysis of vegetation index,the schemes of optimization and influence of matrix on index were studied,for the purpose to provide a new way for ecological restoration of Urumqi coal field fire-fighting area.Results indicated that concerning vegetation cover,height and density after 1month,E(straw)is the main influencing factor of the vegetation cover with very significance.B(absorbent agent) is the main influencing factors of height and density with very significance.Concerning biomass,vegetation cover,height and density after 4month,D(compound fertilizer) is the main factors of three biomass indexes and density.E(straw)is the main influence factor of vegetation cover and the height,and B(absorbent agent),D(compound fertilizer),E(straw)and F(paved thickness)have notable effect on vegetation cover and height.According to the majority,economy and the importance of factors on index,the optimal scheme of A 3 B 2 C 5 D 4 E 4 F 3 is chosen on integral balance method.
【Fund】: 新疆维吾尔自治区科技计划项目(201033122)
【CateGory Index】: S688.4
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