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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2013-02
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Emission Reduction Potentiality by Developing Buses in Foshan

BAO Yan-ping 1,LIU Yong-hong 2*,HUANG Jian-zhang 1,XU Wei-jia 2(1.Guangzhou Fundway Traffic Technology Co.Ltd,Guangzhou 510275,China; 2.Centre of Intelligent Traffic Research,Sun Yat-sen University; 3.Institutes of Advanced Technology,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)  
Emission factors of buses,motorcycles and passenger cars of Foshan City,Guangdong Province were calculated with COPERT Ⅳ model integrated with information regarding amounts and annual mileages,case analysis was done for their emission,environmental effects and emissions reduction potentiality of buses.Results indicated that buses emission in Foshan in 2011 was 804.57 t CO,283.85 t VOC,3 365.32 t NO x and 73.00 t PM.Emissions of CO and VOC of buses were less than that of motorcycles and passenger cars,but emission of NO x was more.Emission of buses for one person travelling one kilometer would decrease by 32.00%,51.43% and 57.50% by increasing the number of passengers from 17 to 25,35 and 45.Annual emissions could be reduced by 611.66 t CO,151.6 t VOC,1,231.18 t NO x and 58.39 t PM respectively by changing all the emission standard of diesel buses from lower to Euro Ⅳ.Annual emissions could be reduced by 293.71 t CO,2 086.87 t NO x and 70.34 t PM by changing diesel buses to environmentally-friendly vehicle(EEV) CNG buses,but annual emissions of VOC increased by 228.01 t.
【Fund】: 广东省重大科技专项(2011A080803007)
【CateGory Index】: X734.2;F572.88
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