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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2013-S1
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The Experimental Research on the Flushing of Nitrobenzenecontaminated Soil by Tween20 and SDS

LIU Guo-dong(School of Chemical Engineering,Northeast Dianli University,Jilin 132012,China)  
This paper studies about the solubilization effect of non-ionic surfactant Tween20 and anionic surfactant SDS on nitrobenzene and the flushing effect on nitrobenzene-contaminated soil.The solubilizing experiment by the surfactants with the concentration above CMC was conducted,the soil column containing nitrobenzene was flushed by Tween20 and SDS with different concentrations.The experimental results indicate that the concentration of Tween20 and SDS and their solubilizing effect on nitrobenzene have linear relation,and the solubilization of nitrobenzene by Tween20 is stronger than SDS.The flushing experiments indicate that,in different flushing stages,the amount of nitrobenzene that was flushed out was also different.In the early stage,the higher the surfactant concentration was,the less the amount of nitrobenzene that was flushed out was,In the later stage,the higher the surfactant concentration was,the more the amount of nitrobenzene that was flushed out was,and the flushing effect of Tween20 is better than SDS.This paper also studies the flushing effect of the mixture of an ionic and non-ionic surfactant on contaminated soil,which shows that they have no synergistic effect on the flushing of ni trobenzene-contaminated soil.However,in the flushing experiment of the mixture of anionic and non-ionic surfactant,when the surfactants are mixed according to different mixed proportions,the amount of nitrobenzene that is flushed out is also dif ferent.
【CateGory Index】: X53
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