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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2013-S1
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Changes of Visual and Acoustic Landscape Along Urban-rural Gradients and Their Influence on Landscape Evaluation

GAN Yong-hong1,2,LUO Tao1,ZHANG Tian-hai1,ZHANG Ting1,2,Qiu Quan-yi1(1.Institute of Urban Environment,Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xiamen,361021,China;2.Department of Biological Science & Biotechnology,Zhangzhou Normal University,Zhangzhou,363000,China)  
Landscape evaluation is an important part of the environmental quality assessment and management in Europe and North America.Within the context of rapid urbanization,visual landscape and soundscape of urban-rural areas in China has been experiencing significant changes.By selecting six representative landscape along the urban-rural gradients,through onsite landscape survey and indoor landscape evaluation test,the changes of visual-acoustic landscape attributes as well as huamn's perception and evaluation on landscape was analysed,impact of landscape changes on landscape perception and rela tionship between visual landscape perception,soundscape perception and overall landscape evaluation were discussed.The re sults shows that(1)visual landscape has gradually transferred from artificial landscape to natural landscape and soundscape changed from anthrophony to biophony and geophony along the urban-rural gradients,with sound level decreases.(2)visual landscape perception,soundscape perception and overall landscape evaluation rise,as the degree of human influence decreases,along the urban-rural gradients.(3)Overall landscape evaluation is affected by both visual landscape perception and soundscape perception,with much more influence exerted by soundscape perception.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40971111);; 福建省自然科学基金项目(2011J01280)
【CateGory Index】: TU986
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