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《Environmental Science & Technology》 2017-01
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Spatial Distribution Cluster Characteristics of Vehicle Emissions in Beijing

GUO Jinjin;FAN Shoubin;WANG Junling;TIAN Lingdi;ZHANG Dongxu;SUN Gaihong;College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University;Beijing Research Institute of Environmental Protection;National Engineering Research Center of Urban Environmental Pollution Control;  
Spatial distribution of urban transportation emission,which has become the major factor of atmospheric environmental pollution in Beijing,was studied for drawing up a public policy to reduce the vehicle exhaust pollution.For this purpose,vehicle emissions of the traffic volume on the road networks of the urban areas were assessed and their spatial patterns were characterized by using spatial autocorrelation analysis and cluster analysis.The study suggested that light-duty vehicles,accounting for 93%of the total vehicle number,discharged 93%CO and 89%HC,whereas heavy-duty vehicles,only accounting for 6%,discharged 92%PM and 73%NO_x,respectively,and the pollution contribution of motorcycles was relatively low.According to the overall spatial autocorrelation analysis,the spatial pattern was identified as the cluster pattern in terms of traffic volume and pollutants emission;and according to the high/low cluster analysis,the spatial pattern could be identified as high cluster pattern in terms of traffic volume and pollutants emission.The analysis based on the hot spot map revealed that the hot-spot of vehicle exhaust emission mainly located in northern and central areas between the 2nd and 4th ring roads.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划课题(2013BAC17B03);; 国家环保公益性行业科研专项(201409004);; 北京市环境保护科学研究院科技基金项目(2013-B-04)
【CateGory Index】: X734.2
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