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《Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology》 2019-02
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Plus Tree Selection of Baccaurea ramiflora by Principal Component Analysis

CHEN Guode;DU Shangjia;WU Haixia;ZHONG Shengyun;QIU Minghong;Forestry Research Institute of Hainan Province;  
In this study,the comparative method based on 5 plus trees and principal component analysis were applied to select superior trees of wild Baccaurea ramiflora from different regions in Hainan Island.The results of coefficient of variation analysis showed that there were both significant differences and stabilities in 13 traits,for optimal selection,among 28 candidate trees to be identified.On the whole,the health status and yield of trees varied greatly between individuals,while the fruit morphology and the content of flesh material changed little,and the variation of tree form located midst that of the former two,which has rich diversities and stable characteristics.According to the load of each trait variable from the principal component analysis,the first principal component has significant positive correlation with total sugar content(0.892) and ratio of plant DBH(Diameter of breast height) to height(0.631),and has significant negative correlation with total acid content(-0.795).The contribution percentage of the first principal component is 22.083%,which is hence much more important than the second principal component.Therefore,ratio of plant DBH to height,total sugar content,and the total acid content identified merely by the first component is sufficient to be used as the main superior phenotype for optimal selection.The original values of 13 selected traits of candidate trees were standardized firstly,then the comprehensive scores based on these standardized trait values were calculated,and the order of 28 selected trees by the comprehensive scores were obtained.A total of 5 plus trees were identified in this study,which were respectively M_5,M_3,M_(1-3),M_1,M_(5-1).
【Fund】: 省属科研院所技术开发研究专项(KYYS-2016-23)
【CateGory Index】: S667.9
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