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《Powder Metallurgy Technology》 1988-04
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RAPIDLY COOLING BLACKENING OF P/M IRON BASE PARTS

Liao Yongqi (Guangzhou Powder Metallurgy Factory)  
This paper deals with a new process of rapidly cooling blackening. Its treatments are as follows: the parts are heated in air atmosphere in a furnace at the temperature 500-600℃ for a given time and followed by quenching in cooling liquid to room temperature. A black oxide coating on the parts can be obtained when they are moved out from liquid. The composition of liquid is 25-28%mineral oil, 1-2% NaNO_2, 0.2-0.3% Na_2CO_3 and 70%water. It shows in practice that this technology not only improves corrosion resistence, but also increases mechanical properties, surface hardness and strength.
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