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《South China Fruits》 2013-05
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Effect of Sod Culture on Ecological Factors to Orchard Microcli mate and Fruit Quality of Pear

ZHENGW eiwei;XUK ai;LIUX ingquan;CHENM eisheng;LIUH ui;SHAO Guoyan;School of Agricultural and Food Science,Zhejiang A & F University;Hangzhou Yuhang Sanshui Fruit Co.Ltd;Institute of Horticulture,Hangzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
A field experiment was conducted to study the variation of leaf photosynthetic characteristics,reflectance spectroscopy composition,air temperature,soil temperature and fruit quality of 10-year-old‘Cuiguan'pear planted with different managements by clean tillage and sod culture.The results showed that diurnal variation of leaf photosynthesis in spring and summer displayed the same function pattern under the two managements.However,more severe midday depression of photosynthesis was observed in summer under sod culture.The rate of photosynthesis,the rate of transpiration,light use efficiency were obviously improved under sod culture,but water use efficiency,blue-purple light intensity,red-orange light intensity,and red/far red ratio under the sod culture system was lower than that of clean tillage.The highest air temperature,average air temperature,and soil temperature were significantly decreased in summer under the sod culture system,and individual fruit weight,yield were also significantly improved,thus output value was increased by 3 088 Yuan/667m2.
【Fund】: 浙江省农业技术推广基金委项目“果园种草养羊模式与技术的机理研究”(2045200077)资助
【CateGory Index】: S661.2
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