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《Molecular Plant Breeding》 2015-01
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Advances in Genetic Engineering of Peanut(Arachis hypogaea L.)

Huang Bingyan;Zhang Xinyou;Miao Lijuan;Qi Feiyan;Shi Lei;Dong Wenzhao;Tang Fengshou;Industrial Crops Research Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Oil Crops in Huanghuaihai Plains, Ministry of Agriculture/Henan provincial Key Laboratory for Oil Crops Improvement;  
The techniques of genetic transformation being applied on peanut in the last decade were reviewed.The progress on genetic engineering of peanut was summarized and its prospect was discussed by comparing the transformation efficiency and effects of transformed genes. There were mainly three systems for genetic engineering of peanut including particle bombardment of embryonic callus, Agrobacterium mediated transformation of cotyledon section, and Agrobacterium mediated transformation of apical meristems(tissue culture-independent).The targeted traits included enhancing plant resistance to virus and fungi infection and tolerance to drought and herbicide, and few were reported on reducing peanut allergens, improving oleic acid content and producing vaccines. Even though embryogenesis and Agrobacterium mediated transformation were available for some genotypes, the low efficiency of transformation, few suitable genotypes and unstable heredity of transformed genes were to be improved further to establish reliable platform of peanut genetic engineering.
【Fund】: 国家花生产业技术体系(CARS-14);; 河南省重大科技专项(111100110200);; 河南省农业科学院科研发展专项资金项目(201218305)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: S565.2
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