EFFECT OF GRAVEL-SOIL CHARACTERS ON LATERAL BEARING CAPACITY OF PILE FOUNDATION
KANG Shun;ZHAO Qihua;PENG Sheqin;LIU Bin;CHEN Jibin;State Key Laboratory of Geo Hazard Prevention and Geo Environment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology);College of Environment and Civil Engineering Chengdu University of Technology;College of Water Resources and Hydropower,Sichuan University;General Station of Geological Environment Monitoring of Jiangxi Province;China Southwest Geotechnical Investigation & Design Institute;
The lateral loading capacity of various foundations are facing different requirements when they are applied to more and more fields. As the widespread usage of foundation forms,pile foundation plays an important role in various engineering. The two kinds of bearing capacity of pile foundation include vertical bearing capacity and lateral bearing capacity. Lateral capacity plays a crucial role in many situations in order to determine the stability under the seismic load and wind load specially. The lateral bearing capacity of pile foundation is mainly affected by pile and soil properties while the compactness and stone content of soil are the major factors to influence the lateral bearing capacity of the pile foundation on the gravel soil. This paper aims to clarify the influence of soil properties from the gravel soils on the lateral bearing capacity of pile foundations. It carries out 5 groups of indoor tests on static lateral loading test of single piles under different soil compactness and stone content. To achieve the expectation of the test,the relationship of piles' top displacement and lateral load is recorded. Their curves are plotted for the relationship with different compactness and stone content. Furthermore,critical load and ultimate load are found from these curves. As the load increases,the development of soil fissures surrounding the pile is recorded by taking photos and sketching in the progress of loading and writing explanations. The stress-strain process is divided into three parts according to the curve of piles' top displacement and lateral load and the development of soil fissure surrounding the pile. Lateral radial angle is obtained from the soil fissure angle surrounding the pile and is another important index to explain the lateral bearing capacity of pile foundation.According to the principle of horizontal diffusion,the effective calculating width in different soil properties is calculated using the lateral radial angle. Finally,the formulation of effective calculating width which provided by specification is adopted to calculate the proportional coefficient of lateral resistance coefficient-m value. It is proved that when the soil compactness is increased by 20%the critical and ultimate load growths are about 1. 5 KN and 1. 7 KN respectively,the horizontal diffusion angle growth is about 13° and the m value growth is about 120 MN/m4.When the soil stone content is increased by 20%critical and ultimate load growths are about 0. 6 KN and 0. 5 KN,respectively,the horizontal diffusion angle growth is about 3°,the m value growth is about 50 MN/m4. The experiments show that the increasing of compactness and stone content has an improvement on each index. But by contrast,the effect of compactness on various indexes is obviously better than that of stone content. Under comprehensive consideration,the increasing of compactness and stone content of gravel soil can enhance the lateral bearing capacity of pile foundation,but the effect of soil compactness is more obvious. Therefore,as for the site selection of pile foundation engineering on gravel soil which requires higher horizontal bearing capacity,the site with higher compactness should be preferentially selected.