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《Opto-Electronic Engineering》 2007-01
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Camouflage color selection based on dominant color extraction

XU Ying ( Key Lab of Infrared and Low Temperature Plasma of Anhui Province, Electronic Engineering Institute, PLA, Hefei 230037, China )  
Camouflage colors in a good camouflage design should be similar to the background colors, so that human eyes and optical instruments are difficult to detect or recognize the camouflaged target in the background. Therefore, accurate extraction of the dominant colors of background is the precondition of camouflage color selection. Dominant gray levels of background image can be selected by analyzing histogram of the image, but these levels cannot distinguish colors of different hue. And dominant color extraction algorithm based on color histogram is too complex to operate. An effective method for camouflage color selection based on Hue, Intensity and Saturation (HIS) color model and quantized color histogram is presented in this paper. The color characteristic of background image is described by HSI color model, and the camouflage colors are selected from dominant colors of background, which are extracted by using specially quantized color histogram and applying threshold value. Combining the above-mentioned theory with camouflage pattern design technique, we analyzed the validity of the algorithm through experiments. The camouflage effect of camouflaged target in diverse backgrounds was also tested through edge detection and correlation tracking.
【CateGory Index】: E951.4
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