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《Research in Higher Education of Engineering》 2018-04
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On Non-academic Career Choice of Doctoral Students in Research Universities——Based on the Employment Data of “Double First-Class” Colleges and Universities(A)

Fan Lili;  
The employment of doctoral students in research universities in China is diversified.The proportion of non-academic employment varies with the regions in which universities are located,with the highest reaching nearly half.Multiple internal and external factors promote non-academic career choices of doctoral students,such as the shortage of academic positions in consideration of the strong social diversified demand,the depression of academic value recognition by the "thesis-only theory",and the inadequate academic capability of doctoral students to support academic career development.At present,the traditional academic identity and single academic training mode still hinder the doctoral students' diversified career choices.Given this,it is suggested that doctoral education reform be carried out to follow the trend of change,such as coordinating academic and professional doctoral students' enrollment,improving the multi-level ability training of doctoral students,decoupling doctoral students' excessive association with pure academics,and conducting diversified employment guidance so as to play the overall role of doctoral students in all sectors of society.
【CateGory Index】: G643
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