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《Industrial Engineering Journal》 2017-06
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An Assessment of Human Stampede Risk in Outdoor Public Places Based on FANP

LIU Sishi;XIE Kefan;CAO Qing;School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology;  
To assess the human stampede risk in outdoor public places, the triggering factors of human stampede are summarized with theoretical analysis and case study. The Fuzzy Analytic Network Process(FANP) approach is employed to assess human stampede risk in outdoor public places. Based on the questionnaires and experts' assessment, the super matrix,weighted super matrix and limit matrix are computed by the Super Decision(SD) software. As is shown in the results of the model, the facility factor(O_1), field obstacle(O_2) and crowd density(I_1) show significant effect on the human stampede risk, the comprehensive evaluation values of them are respectively 0.128, 0.116, and 0.108. An overall risk rating of human stampede risk is then obtained from calculating and reordering the comprehensive evaluation values. Then, based on calculation sample from real place photographed video, the risk metric of human stampede is obtained.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重点资助项目(15AGL021)
【CateGory Index】: X913
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