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《高分子科学(英文版)》 2018-10
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Preparation of Polylactide/Poly(ether)urethane Blends with Excellent Electro-actuated Shape Memory via Incorporating Carbon Black and Carbon Nanotubes Hybrids Fillers

Yuan Wei;Rui Huang;Peng Dong;Xiao-Dong Qi;Qiang Fu;College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University;  
In this work, hybrid conductive fillers of carbon black(CB) and carbon nanotubes(CNTs) were introduced into polylactide(PLA)/thermoplastic poly(ether)urethane(TPU) blend(70/30 by weight) to tune the phase morphology and realize rapid electrically actuated shape memory effect(SME). Particularly, the dispersion of conductive fillers, the phase morphology, the electrical conductivities and the shape memory properties of the composites containing CB or CB/CNTs were comparatively investigated. The results suggested that both CB and CNTs were selectively localized in TPU phase, and induced the morphological change from the sea-island structure to the co-continuous structure. The presence of CNTs resulted in a denser CB/CNTs network, which enhanced the continuity of TPU phase.Because the formed continuous TPU phase provided stronger recovery driving force, the PLA/TPU/CB/CNTs composites showed better shape recovery properties compared with the PLA/TPU/CB composites at the same CB content. Moreover, the CB and CNTs exerted a synergistic effect on enhancing the electrical conductivities of the composites. As a result, the prepared composites exhibited excellent electrically actuated SME and the shape recovery speed was also greatly enhanced. This work demonstrated a promising strategy to achieve rapid electrically actuated SME via the addition of hybrid nanoparticles with self-networking ability in binary PLA/TPU blends over a much larger composition range.
【Fund】: financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.51421061 and 51210005)
【CateGory Index】: TB33
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