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《Journal of Irrigation and Drainage》 2018-09
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Decay of Tetracycline Antibiotics and the Growth of Maize in Soil Amended with Chicken Manure

QIN Junmei;XIONG Huaye;LI Zhaojun;College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University;Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Nutrient Cycling,Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
【Objective】Livestock manure contains antibiotics and its application to soil could affect plant growth and proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes. The purpose of this paper is to experimentally study how soil amended with chicken manure containing tetracyclines(tetracycline, oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline) antibiotics impacts growth of maize and the decomposition of the antibiotics in soil.【Method】Pot experiments grown with maize were carried out with the soil amended with two types of chicken manure: one was manure excrement of chicken without being fed tetracycline(I), oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline, and the other one is manure of chicken fed with these antibiotics(II). The experiment consisted of seven treatments:(1)control(CK);(2)adding6.4 g/kg of chicken manures I;(3)adding 6.4 g/kg of chicken manures II;(4)adding 12.8 g/kg of chicken manures I;(5)adding 12.8 g/kg of chicken manures II;(6)adding 25.6 g/kg of chicken manures I;(7)adding 25.6 g/kg of chicken manures II.【Result】The plant height, root length, biomass and CCI under Treatments 2, 4 and 6 were higher than those under Treatments 1, 3 and 5. The differences between the Treatments 4 and 3, the Treatments 6 and 5 were significant(p0.05). The residuals of tetracycline and doxycycline were found in root, stem, leaf; and tetracycline was also found in the grain. We also detected aureomycin in stem, leaves and seeds. The concentration of tetracycline and aureomycin found in different tissues of the plant was ranked in grainstemleaves. The concentration of doxycycline found in different tissues of the plant was ranked in leafstemroot. The antibiotics taken up by plants was ranked in tetracyclineaureomycinoxytetracycline based on their mass found in the plant. The transfer coefficient of aureomycin in the canopy was higher than that of doxycycline and tetracycline.The residual of the antibiotics remained in soil after the experiment was tetracyclineoxytetracyclineaureomycin.【Conclusion】The antibiotics in chicken manure could imped the growth of the maize compared with the manure that did not contain antibiotics under the same conditions. However, increasing the chicken manure application not only reduced the inhibition of the maize growth, but also decreased the residuals of tetracycline and aureomycin in different organs of the maize.
【Fund】: 山西省科技攻关项目(20140311008-4)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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