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《Journal of International Relations》 2016-06
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From a Melting Pot to a Battlefield:The Role of Ethnic Groups in the Reorganization of American Political Parties

Pan Yaling;the Center for American Studies,Fudan University;  
The election of Trump as the next president of the United States has far-reaching significance for political science as it implies a profound development of atransformation of American political culture and an realignment of US political parties.As an important component of the contemporary transformation of American political culture,the reorganization of US political parties rises mainly from short-term US economic difficulties and long-term changes in the US demographic structure. Ethnic immigration is a fundamental force in driving the change of demographic structure in the United States,and therefore ethnic issues become an important factor in understanding the realignment of US political parties. Combined with the political changes in the United States since the end of the Cold War,ethnic factors have contributed to the realignment of American political parties in the three ways:( 1) exacerbating the existing political polarization of the United States by the demarcations of ethnic groups,;( 2) giving birth to a new electoral demographic geography with immigrant influx and ethnic concentration;( 3) accelerating the development of "border wars"by breaking through traditional "political correctness. "Presumably,while ethnic elements are not the fundamental force in promoting the realignment of American political parties,they do play a catalytic role in the process of the realignment of American political parties from "cultural wars"to "border wars. "The United States is evolving from an ethnic"melting pot"to an ethnic"battlefield. "
【Fund】: 笔者承担的2016年度上海市社科规划一般项目“美国重建制度能力的战略和政策及我应对方略研究”(项目号:2016BGJ003)的中期成果
【CateGory Index】: D771.2
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