The Differences and Similarities of the Responsibility to Protection and Humanitarian Intervention:An Investigation of the Dual Dimensions of Practice and Concepts
Li Li;Shen Dingli;the School of International Relations and Public Affairs,Fudan University;the Institute of International Studies,Fudan University;
The clarification of the relationship between the responsibility to protection and humanitarian intervention helps to evaluate and predict the development of the concept of the responsibility to protection and its applications in practice. The coherence between the responsibility to protect and humanitarian intervention is embodied in the two dimensions of practice and concepts: in practice,they both address the same problem and face the same obstacle to the question of whether and how the international community can take coercive actions when a sovereign state becomes a source of insecurity for its people; conceptually,the supportive ideology behind both humanitarian intervention and the responsibility is cosmopolitanism,emphasizing that the boundaries of state sovereignty can be broken through to rescue "strangers"in specific contexts. Premised on the similar nature of the two,the biggest difference is the responsibility to protect is accepted by the international community. The responsibility to protect redefines the issues and highlights the embedding of established international norms,leading to the difference However,a comparative analysis of the two cases,Libya and Syria,indicates that the reframed responsibility to protect cannot solve the fundamental problem; there is the trend toward alienation.
【CateGory Index】： D815.4