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《Arid Land Geography》 2006-01
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Analysis on the trophic status of the Daihai lake in Inner Mongolia

ZHOU Yun-kai1,2,IANG Jia-hu1,HUANG Qun1,SUN Zhan-dong1,2,WANG Hong-juan1,2(1 Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,Jiangsu,China;2 Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China)  
The Daihai Lake(40°29′7″~40°37′6″N,112°33′31″ ~112°46′40″E) is a typical inland lake in a semiarid region in Inner Mongolia,China,its drainage area is 2289km2,and its water area is 80.72km2.In the lake area,it belongs to the mid-temperate semiarid monsoon climate,it is cold in long winter but warm in short summer,the annual temperature is low,but the annual and diurnal-nocturnal temperature differences are high;the annual precipitation and evaporation are 412.95 mm and 1 032.57 mm respectively.In recent years,the water level of the Daihai Lake is continuously decreased,its water area is sharply reduced,and the water quality of the lake is significantly deteriorated due to the impacts of human activities.The monitored results in 2004 revealed that the TN,TP and CODMn had exceeded the standard level,and the water quality of the whole lake was deteriorated to inferior Ⅴ grade.Evaluated with the method of trophic status index,the whole lake had been in mid-eutrophication,but the eutrophication is different from different water areas owing to the influences of industrial and agricultural production patterns,the trophic status index was decreased gradually from the western area to the eastern area,and the eutrophication was correspondingly reduced.Analyzed from the temporal change,the eutrophication of the Daihai Lake became more serious in 2004 than that in 1996.The pollution of the Daihai Lake is mainly caused by drained water from farmlands and urban domestic sewage,and the shrinkage of water area of the lake is also an important factor.In order to conserve the aqueous environment of the lake,some suggestions are put forward.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40271021)
【CateGory Index】: X524
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