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《Arid Land Geography》 2006-01
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Change characteristics of air temperature in Ningxia and of atmospheric circulation of 500 hPa in Winter

ZHENG Guang-fen1,2,CHEN Xiao-guang1,ZHAO Guang-ping1,2,SUN Yin-chuan2,NA Li2(1.Ningxia Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction,Yinchuan 750002,China;2.Ningxia Meteorological Observatory,Yinchuan 750002,China)  
In this paper,the change of air temperature in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,China,is researched using the data of average,average maximum and minimum and extremely maximum and minimum temperatures observed by 23 meteorological stations in Ningxia during the period of 1961~2004 and the data of the 500 hPa general circulation.The results are as follows:(1) The air temperature in Ningxia in winter was increased during the period of 1962~2003;a sudden climate change occurred around 1985,after the sudden climate change,the average temperature in winter,average minimum and maximum temperatures were increased by 1.7℃,1.5℃ and 2.0℃ respectively than that before the sudden climate change,and the temperature increase is the most significant in the central arid regions after the sudden climate change;(2) The climate warming in Ningxia in winter is different to some extent from that in other regions,that is the climate warming in Ningxia in winter is affected by the increase of both minimum and maximum temperatures since the 1990s;(3) The change of the extremely minimum temperature in Ningxia in winter is significantly periodical,and the change rate of the extremely minimum temperature has been significantly increased;(4) Corresponding to the decade temperature increase,the climate change since the mid-1980s is also revealed by the eigenvalues of 500 hPa general circulation,such as the change in the North Hemisphere vortex area in winter,Asian west wind circulation index,position of East Asian trough,and intensity of subtropical high in West Pacific Ocean;the results of wavelet analysis reveal that the change of average temperature in Ningxia in winter accords with that of the eigenvalues of 500 hPa general circulation,and they have the same 4-year periodical change.
【Fund】: 国家科技部项目“宁夏气候对全球气候变化的响应及其机制(2004DIB3J121)”资助
【CateGory Index】: P467
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