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《Arid Land Geography》 2006-01
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Formation causes and evolution of oases in arid areas

YANG Fa-xiang,MU Gui-jin,YUE Jian,FU Qiang(Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,Xinjiang,,China)  
Oases form under desert environment in arid areas.Because of the limitation of water and soil conditions,the formation of natural oases is closely related to water and soil conditions,whereas the formation of artificial oases is related to water,soil and mineral resources.Oases in desert regions are generally distributed in belts in the alluvial plains but in fans or spots in the debouchures.There are 4 oasis distribution patterns,i.e.,the belt-shaped distribution along watercourses,step-shaped distribution along valley terraces,area-shaped distribution in piedmont plains,and spot-shaped distribution along faults or in depressions with springs.As the formation of oases is closely related to the water and soil conditions and the water and soil conditions are strongly affected by landforms and their processes,the formation causes of oases are classified based on considering the oasis types and oasis evolution by selecting the oasis names,formation causes of landforms affecting oasis formation,and natural vegetation types and artificial oasis formation as the indexes.The features are different from different oases.Under the joint effects of artificial and natural factors,the oasis evolution patterns are generally as: natural oasis → artificial oasis,and oasis → desert or sand desert → artificial oasis.There are 6 oasis evolution modes in Xinjiang.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1999043502);; 科技部2004DK20180-08-B子课题(0511071)资助
【CateGory Index】: P941
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