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《Arid Land Geography》 2006-02
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Study on the geography distribution and population of Gazella subgutturosa in the Hami Basin,Xinjiang in early winter

GAO Xing-yi,YAO Jun(Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,Xinjiang,China)  
Located in east Xinjiang,the Hami Basin and its peripheral regions are selected as the study area(40°43′~43°27′N,91°08′~96°23′E,300~2000 m a.s.l.),they include the Hami Basin,piedmont desert in the southern slope of the east Tianshan Mountains,hilly region in the eastern part of the basin and Gashun Gobi Desert,and the total area is 8.0559×104 km2.In the study area it belongs to the extreme continental arid climate,it is hot in summer but cold in winter,and the annual temperature and precipitation vary in ranges of 9.8℃~11.4℃ and 34~39.7 mm respectively.In this paper,the line transect sampling method is used to investigate the geography distribution and population of Gazella subgutturosa in the Hami Basin,Xinjiang during the period from 2 to 25 November,2004.It is verified that Gazella subgutturosa inhabit extensively in all the geographical environments in the Hami Basin and its peripheral regions.The habitats of Gazella subgutturosa can be divided into three grades,i.e.,the high-,mid-and low-density areas.The inhabiting densities and populations of Gazella subgutturosa in these habitats were 3.33±0.24/km~2 and 12431±896,0.95±0.055/km~2 and 21651±1254,0.056±0.042/km~2 and 3026±2270 respectively.Total resources quantity of Gazella subgutturosa in the Hami Basin was 37108±4420.The survival pressure of Gazella subgutturosa and the steppe degeneration caused by domestic animal overgrazing are discussed.It is suggested to improve the raising mode of domestic animals,limit the quantity of domestic animals based on the actual situation of steppes,regenerate the natural vegetations,hunt Gazella subgutturosa in a planned way in the high-density and mid-density areas so as to control the population size.
【Fund】: 中科院知识创新重要方向资助项目(KZCX3-SW-343);; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所所长基金资助项目
【CateGory Index】: S862
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