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《Arid Land Geography》 2011-01
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Nest-site selection of Himalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis) in the Yanchiwan Nature Reserve,Gansu Province

YAN Yong-feng1,2,LIU Nai-fa2(1 Department of Life Science,Shangqiu Normal University,Shangqiu 476000,Henan,China;2 School of Life Science,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,Gansu,China)  
An experiment was conducted to investigate the nest-site selection of the Himalayan Snowcock(Tetraogallus himalayensis) in Yanchiwan Nature Reserve of Gansu Province by the methods of direct observation and sampling from April to July,2005.Totally 16 nests were measured in this study.The indexes of altitude,grade of slope,slope aspect,slope location,species richness,cover of grasses,density of grasses,heterogeneity of ground environments,distance to cliff and grassland,quantity of cliff in 500 m,degree of cover-up,and shrub was measured based on habitat characteristic of Himalayan Snowcock.The principal factor analysis was used.The results showed that the altitude of Himalayan Snowcock exhibited was ranged from 3 301 to 3 500 m,the nest location in the shrub and beneath an overhanging rock,slope location above the moderate sunny slope and semi-sunny slope,and grade of slope ranged from 26 to 40°.By the principal factor analysis,we found that the most important factor for nest-site selection were hunting-factor and food,especially the former.The other factors included heterogeneity of ground environments,height and width of shrub,and the quantity of cliff within 500 m.How to escape from danger was also important in nest-site selection except of factors being hunted and food.The bad flight made the Snowcock build their nests near the cliff.There were differences on the factors influencing nest-site selection of the Snowcock between Dongdashan Nature Reserve and Yanchiwan Nature Reserve.These data suggested that Himalayan Snowcock has the nest-site selection ability based on different habitats.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点课题资助项目(No.30530130 30170138);; 中国林业科学研究院野生动植物保护管理项目(No.2003-02)
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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