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《Arid Land Geography》 2011-01
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Impact factors and temporal variation of environmental pressure of Xinjiang based on STIRPAT model

WU Jing-rui1,2,YANG Zhao-ping1,ADAYI · Saiken1,2(1 Xinjang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,Xinjiang,China;2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
Human activities have dramatically altered the global environment,quantitative analysis on the impacts of human activities on environment is one of the highlights in the research field of sustainable development.In the paper,the energy ecological footprint index has been used as a impact measure of energy use in relation to consumption of people,which indirectly reflect anthropogenic pressure on the environment.Firstly,energy ecological footprint of Xinjiang from 1957 to 2006 are calculated.Secondly,utilizing STIRPAT model and ridge regression,a multivariate linear model is fitted between energy ecological footprint of Xinjiang from 1957 to 2006 and human factors,such as population,affluence and technology.The results show that: the population is the main driving factors of environmental change in recent 50 years in Xinjiang;the growth of affluence and speed up the process of urbanization have significant effect on the growth of energy ecological footprint;however decreased the energy intensity and optimizing industrial structure have an important role to reduce the energy ecological footprint and release environmental pressure;and the change of affluence and energy intensity has positive or negative effect on environmental impacts in different decades.Another important finding in the empirical study is that there is no evidence of an environmental Kuznets curve within the range of calculated data.In the last,some suggestions are put forward on how to control humanistic factors effect on environment.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目子课题“主体功能区规划与部门规划一致性评价与协同规划技术研究”(2008BAH31B05);; 2011年度中国科学院国际合作局俄乌白科技合作专项补助经费资助
【CateGory Index】: F426.2
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