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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2008-08
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Spatio-Temporal Changes of Land Use Pattern and Driving Factors Analysis in Yanhe River Basin

ZHU Heng-feng,ZHAO Wen-wu,KANG Mu-yi,GUO Wen-wen(China Ecological Capital Assessment Research Center,Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster,Ministry of Education;College of Resources Science and Technology,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
The characteristics of land use pattern and the dynamics of Yanhe River basin were investigated by using the land use data in 1985 and 2000,and the methods of GIS and landscape ecology.It was concluded from the analysis that(1) From 1985 to 2000,plowland and grassland were still the two major land use types,exceeding a total of 88% area in the basin.Grassland with lower and medium cover transformed one another largely,indicating the severe degradation.(2)The average patch area and patch density increased during the 15 years.The landscape fragmentation and dominance enhanced while the diversity and heterogeneity weakened.(3)The area of plowland increased,partly resulting from reclamation of forest and grassland.The area of land dedicated to construction,especially the real estate in rural area and the oil field,increased greatly.(4)The natural factors such as water and soil loss,water shortage,together with the human activity impact,such as population pressure and macro policy and so forth were the dominant driving factors.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40501002)资助
【CateGory Index】: F301.24
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