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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2015-01
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The drought disaster and its response to the warming-drying climate in the farming-pastoral ecotones in northern China

DU Huaming;YAN Junping;WANG Pengtao;College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University;  
Based on the meteorological data of the farming- pastoral ecotones in northern China from 1961 to2012,the temporal characteristics of precipitation and temperature were analyzed by using methods of linear regression,inverse distance weighted spatial interpolation; on this bases,drought disaster was analyzed by using Is index and Morlet wavelet transform. Results showed that temperature presented an increasing trend over the last52 years in the farming- pastoral ecotone of northern China,the temperature tendency rate was 0. 32 ℃ /10 a,precipitation presented a decreasing trend,the precipitation tendency rate was 7. 35 mm /10 a,climate warming-drying trend was apparent. The climate warming- drying resulted in increased frequency of drought disasters and aggravated drought intensity; the drought had a 7 years and 8 years periodic oscillation,it was moist before 1989 and drought after 1989. The occurrence frequency of drought disaster was the highest in the northwest section,light drought and heavy drought was serious in northwest and northeast section,and severe drought was serious in north China section.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目:"部分重大自然灾害的时空对称性:结构、机理与适应对策"(编号:41171090)资助
【CateGory Index】: S423
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