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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2015-01
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Analysis of water environmental capacity of Guanting Reservoir and its upstream basin

YANG Zhe;CHENG Can;TAN Xue;CHENG Rong;MA Zhong;School of Environment and Natural Resources,Renmin University of China;  
Water basins in Northern China have generally small water quantity and were polluted heavily. The calculation of water environmental capacity can provide a scientific basis for water pollution control. Taking the Guanting Reservoir and its upstream basin as an example,according to the hydrological characteristics of the basin,one- dimensional steady- state water quality model was chosen to calculate the water environmental capacity of each functional zone of in this basin. Results showed that the total water environmental capacity of COD and NH3- N in the basin were 5097. 82 t /a,268. 18 t /a respectively; compared with the pollution load,water environmental capacity was significantly smaller; the water environmental capacity of different functional zones was quite different; large numbers of water conservancy projects in the upstream basin and high consumption but low efficiency of agricultural water led to the small water environmental capacity; improper industrial structure and poor control of agricultural non- point source pollution were the leading causes of the large pollution load.
【Fund】: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项课题(2008ZX07633-02);; 国家社科基金重大项目(09&ZD052);; 北京高等学校青年英才计划资助
【CateGory Index】: X26;X143
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