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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2016-01
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Study on the flood disasters and climate changes in the Hexi Corridor during Qing dynasty and the Republic of China

SUN Jinling;HE Yuanqing;HE Ze;PANG Juan;Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,CAS;Lanzhou University of Technology;The University of Chinese Acadamics of Sciences;  
Based on collecting,sorting out and analyzing the historical data,we extracted the flood disaster information in the Hexi Corridor during the Qing dynasty and the Republic of China to discuss the climate change characteristics. The results show that 70 times of flood disasters occurred in the Hexi Corridor during the 306 years from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China,and flood disaster occurred once every 4. 4 years in average. Flood disaster level in the Hexi Corridor was divided into light,moderate,grave and extreme. Their occurrence frequencies were 17%,56%,23% and 4% respectively. The main flood disasters were the moderate one. The occurring frequency of flood disasters was different. The periods of 1645- 1735,1780- 1820 and 1850- 1880 were the seldom- occurrence stages,and the periods of 1735- 1780,1820- 1850 and 1920- 1949 were the frequent- occurrence stages. There were seven flood climate events during this periods. From the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China,floods occurrenc showed an upward trend fluctuation on the whole. Spatially,the flood disasters decreased from the east to the west due to irrational exploitation and the geography reason. This research found that flood disasters in the Hexi Corridor in the Qing dynasty and the Republic of China had inter- decadal oscillations like 20- 25 a,50- 70 a and 130- 150 a. It might be related to the Pacific ten years oscillation and the solar activity cycle.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新群体项目(KZZD-EW-04-05-01);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室自主课题(SKLCS-ZZ-2012-01-02);; 国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目(41121001;41273010);; 中国科学院国家外国专家局创新团队国际合作伙伴计划资助
【CateGory Index】: P426.616;P467
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