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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2016-01
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Effects of different mineralized irrigation water on seedling survival and growth of three species of Tamarix in Taklimakan desert

MA Xuexi;LI Shengyu;XU Xinwen;LEI Jiaqiang;DING Xinyuan;YU Xiangxiang;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
In order to exploit and utilize saline groundwater with different mineralizations in Taklimakan desert for afforesting the shelter- forests along the side of Tarim Desert Highway,the experiment of afforestation with different saline groundwater irrigation was carried out in the north marginal zone of the Taklimakan desert. Three species of Tamarix L,namely,T. chinensis Lour,T. hohenackeri Bge,T. hispida Willd seedlings,which were irrigated with saline groundwater at a salinity gradient of 2g / L,5g / L,10 g / L,15 g / L,20 g / L and 28 g / L,were planted in the sandy soil. This study analyzed the effects of different mineralized irrigation water on seedling survival and growth of three species of Tamarix by their survival rate,retained rate and growth. The results are as follows:( 1) The seedlings of three species of Tamarix L. irrigated with the groundwater whose salinity was less than 15 g / L were growing the best.( 2) In the early growing stage the T. chinensis Lour growed better than T.hohenackeri Bge and T. hispida Willd,but did not in the latter growing stages; its adapting ability to saline groundwater irrigation from germinating stages to regular growing stages was higher than that of T. hohenackeri Bge and T. hispida Willd. The plant growth decreased with the increasing salinity of irrigation water except that the plant growth under the salinity of 2g / L was slightly less than that under 5 ~ 10 g / L.( 3) The comparison reveals that T. chinensis Lour is the best for its ability to adapt to different saline groundwater irrigation,T. hohenackeri Bge is the second,and T. hispida Willd is the poorest.
【Fund】: 新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项"新疆沙区交通水利工程沙害综合防治新技术新材料研发与应用"(201130106-3)资助
【CateGory Index】: S793.5
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