A Study of Rice Varieties in Late Choson Dynasty
Hochol Lee Jaehong Park (Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook, Korea)
The varieties of rice in late Chosun dynasty were classified into Jodo, Mando, and Jungdo by sowing season, and classified into Sudo, Geondapdo, and Yukdo by method of cultivation sowing place. Especially, Geondapdo, which was derived from Mando, was fixed as a new variety at that period. Like this, original rice variety of Chosun exhibited rapid magnification and differentiation in diversity and number. In fact, we found heavier differentiation of rice variety related to seeding season in late Chosun dynasty. The new technology, transplantation of rice seedlings, was spread widely in late Chosun. To minimize the risk, the period of seeding was various. Also rice variety was strong for drought, flood, and wind damage and sprout early. However, when the drought damage was severe, the replacement rice with Kyomak and Nokdo was inevitable. By importing rice variety from China, which had short cultivation period, the weak point of replacement was covered. The process of rice variety in late Chosun was to be understood in the context of Korean climate and nature that had many rice paddies that depend solely on rainfall for water and chronic water shortage. But now the genuine rice varieties of Chosun no longer existed. Japanese imperialists weed out them by force under judgment of the genuine rice varieties of Chosun could not satisfy their imperialistic needs. However, Korean genuine rice varieties were most suitable ones to Korean nature. If they attempted to develop its advantage and improve disadvantage, the genuine rice varieties of Chosun could contribute Korean agriculture. In that sense, even though there was a time gap, the rice varieties and method of cultivation in Chosun have a important meaning in times of the direct seeding of rice to reduce production cost and LISA (Low Input Sustainable Agriculture) are requested.
【CateGory Index】： S511-09