Shifting Cultivation: From the History of Agriculture to the History of Food Systems
Peter A. Cocianis (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, N. C. 27599 - 3195 U. S. A. )
The author makes the case for a new integrated approach to the study of agricultural history, which approach explicitly connects matters pertaining to agricultural production, broadly conceived, to those pertaining to distribution and consumption. He does so for two principal reasons: (1) because most scholarly approaches to agricultural history have focused so closely on production itself that they have not been able sufficiently to appreciate the relationship between the a-gricultural sector and other sectors of society; and (2) because, as agriculture becomes relatively less important in modern life, fewer and fewer students are interested in studying agricultural history, particularly when it is studied in isolation from other realms of economic and social life. Drawing heavily on the economic approach known as input-output analysis associated with the Nobel Prize-winning economist Wassily Leontief, particularly as it was adapted to agriculture by John H. Davis and Ray A. Goldberg, the author lays out his "systems" approach to agricultural history, provides a series of examples of how the approach might be applied, and exhorts other a-gricultural historians to follow suit. According to the author, they would in so doing not only write better agricultural history, but also attract more students into the field.
【CateGory Index】： S-09