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《Ancient and Modern Agriculture》 2015-01
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The National Policy and Development of Local Irrigation Works——Examples of Guanzhong Area in Ming and Qing Dynasties

Gao Shengrong;Northwest Institute of Historical Environment and Socio—economic Development;  
In Ming and Qing Dynasties,the ways to construct the irrigation works were various in Guanzhong areas,mainly including four forms,namely managed by the government,managed by both government and common people,managed by common people but supervised by government,managed by common people.In the whole period,there was an obviously change of management——decline of the government control and strengthening of the common people' s role.The reason were complex,including many such as the water deterioration,the development of economy and culture,policy of the state.This paper mainly studies the relationship between policy and the development of irrigation works.In details,it researches three contents;policy guiding by government,tax policy and salary policy of officers.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金重点项目“中国历史农业地理研究”(13AZD033);; 陕西师范大学西北研究院重点项目:明清以来西北农牧交错带环境与社会互动关系研究课题成果之一
【CateGory Index】: K248;S274-09
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